Messerschmitt Me 109Z

          The Messerschmitt development department received a directive in 1942 to begin work on a Zerstörer (destroyer, or heavy fighter). An earlier RLM directive of 1941 had tried to limit the amount of new designs coming from the major aircraft companies (to not disrupt the production lines with new aircraft), so it was decided to couple two Bf 109 fuselages together, along with a new center wing and tailplane section, to come up with the Me 109Z (Zwilling, or twin).
          The Me 109Z prototype incorporated two Bf 109F-4 fuselages, joined with a new constant chord wing center section and parallel chord tailplane. Included also was the 109F-4 powerplant, the Daimler Benz DB 601E-1 engine (12 cylinder, liquid-cooled, inverted V - 1750 horsepower on takeoff). The main landing gear attachment point were moved inboard to attach to a strengthened centerline keel in each fuselage. The outermost main landing gear retracted outboard; the inner legs retracted into the new center wing section.  A single pilot sat in the port cockpit and the starboard cockpit was faired over. Armament on the projected production models varied (see below).
          Several other Me 109Z designs were planned, developed around the 109G  fuselages. The Me 109Z was to use around 90% of pre-existing 109 parts, with only the new main wing and tailplane, modified landing gear mountings, slightly larger wheels, extra fuel tanks in place of the starboard cockpit and a few other components needed to complete the aircraft. A prototype was completed in early 1943, but it was damaged in an Allied air attack on the Messerschmitt test center, and the damage was deemed too severe for repair. The development was abandoned in 1944, and by then, the Me 262 jet fighter had taken wing. One interesting note: the North American aircraft company followed the same design (independently) to produce the P-82 Twin Mustang, which was two P-51 fuselages joined in a similar manner as the Me 109Z.

 Messerschmitt Me 109Z-1 Data
Span Length Height Empty
Max. Speed Cruising Speed Service
13.27 m
43' 6"
9.048 m 
29' 8"
2.69 m 
8' 10"
6000 kg
13224 lbs
7280 kg
16050 lbs
743 km/h @ 8000 m
462 mph @ 26250'
570 km/h @ 3000 m
354 mph @ 9840'
11700 m
Messerschmitt Me 109Z Models
Manufacturer Scale Material Notes
AModel   #7215 1/72 Injected & decals Russian company, low pressure injected, 
some flash.... basic decal sheet w/stenciling
Airmodel   #271 1/72 Vacuform conversion For Frog and JoHan kits, also includes parts
for extended wing 109H conversion
RS Models 1/72 Resin Contains two one-piece fuselages and
a one-piece wing
KL Productions 1/48 Resin conversion Contains a one-piece resin wing with the wheel wells and radiators molded in, horizontal stabilizer and the starboard cockpit cover.
Designed for two Hobbycraft  Me-109G-2/3 kits

Below: This pair of Klemm Kl 35 Ds were joined by the wingtips to prove the
concept that the Me109Z could be piloted from a cockpit located to the side of the centerline. 

Me 109Z Prototype
Fuselage: 2 x Bf 109F-4
No armament
Engines:   2 x DB 601E-1
Note: drawing at left shows
standard F series armament
Me 109Z-2 Bomber
Fuselage:   2 x 109G-6
Armament: 2 x MK 108, 2 x MK 103
                 1 x 500 kg bomb
Engines:     2 x DB 605A-1
Me 109Z-3 Zerstörer
Fuselage:   2 x Bf 109H-2
Armament: 4 x MK 108, 1 x MK 103
                  1 x 500 kg bomb
Engines:      2 x Jumo 213E
Me 109Z-4 Bomber
Fuselage:   2 x Bf 109H-2
Armament: 2 x MK 108, 2x 1000 kg bombs
Engines:     2 x Jumo 213E